Drawing With Pencil – The Ultimate Guide

Drawing with a pencil has been one of the oldest forms of art and still remains the one which creates an impressionistic approach. As easy as it looks, knowing how to make a smooth drawing using pencil requires years of practice to master over the right techniques. One of the most important things about it is how much pressure you apply on the paper with the pencil and how smooth are your lines.

If you are looking for some essential tips to help you in drawing with pencil, you are in the right place. Drawing is not the same as scribbling or doodling. As mentioned above, you need to be smooth with your lines and know the right techniques to blend them well.

Scribbling Is Not Drawing

The lines you draw with your pencil should not be a result of scribble-application and they definitely need not be fast. Take your time and make them look as smooth as possible. If you scribble, your drawing won’t look smooth and if you plan to do shading the results won’t be as satisfactory as you had imagined before.

Smoother Lines

Learn the right techniques to blend the lines. You should be careful that single lines are not visible to viewers. That is where the difference lies between drawing and scribbling, as we mentioned above. If you are working from a light shade to a darker shade then don’t go too fast with it and learn to blend them well. Fill up blank spaces and work in smooth lines.

Blend Well

A rule of thumb in blending with pencil is that you should tilt the pencil on a slight angle if you want satisfactory results. Do not try to press too hard on the pencil when you are blending or shading or else it will start to look darker than expected and make the blending look dirty, with messy finish.

Shading Techniques

You would not want the elements on the drawing to look flat, would you? If you want to give a realistic touch to the drawing you have to understand how to balance lighting and shadow well.

  • Casting Shadow

This is the type of shadow that the object will have on its surrounding area. This area is usually darker than the rest of the drawing and you have to know how to keep lighting effect away from this area.

  • Shadow On The Edge

You might notice that the edge of an object in a drawing is shaded using darker tone. This area is not as dark as the casting shadow area but two tones greyer than it. The reason for the shadow on the edge of the object is because of the light over it, that shades a portion of the object which is mostly the bottom part of it.

  • The Real Colour

There will be an area in the object wherein you will show the true and actual colours of the object, which is definitely not shaded and is also not affected by light. This area is also called halftone.

  • Light Reflection

If you observe closely, the area around the shaded edges of the object will have a light reflection on them which won’t be more than a rim of light. This is one area which a lot many artists tend to miss out on but it is important as it separates the shadows on the edge from the casting shadow area. Not sketching this part will not give the object a three-dimensional feel.

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In drawing with a pencil you have to know how to distinguish hard edges and soft edges and also how to balance lighting effect and dark shades. These drawing techniques won’t be understood in a day’s practise. You have to practise religiously to master over the techniques. You will notice the changes are coming gradually in your work and it will start showing.

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